December 2, 2023

India, a rustic recognized for its wealthy cultural range, finds itself at a crossroads with regards to the problem of non-public legal guidelines. Article 44 of the Indian Structure advocates for a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) precept, aiming to determine a simply and equal framework of rights relevant all through your entire nation. 

Whereas this precept shouldn’t be legally enforceable, it serves as a guiding directive for state coverage. Nevertheless, the implementation of a uniform code faces challenges because of the existence of varied private legal guidelines adopted by completely different spiritual teams, creating a fancy panorama of laws and practices.

In a proper communication addressed to the Legislation Fee of India, Sanbor Shullai, the consultant of the South Shillong seat, expressed his view that the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) needs to be averted to be able to safeguard the distinct character of Meghalaya. It has been contended that imposing the UCC may infringe upon the state’s customs, beliefs, values, and traditions.

To retain the distinct character, custom and wealthy tradition, which have been protected by the Structure of India, it’s an earnest attraction that the implementation of UCC needs to be excluded from the scheduled areas of the state of Meghalaya”

Sanbor Shullai

Meghalaya's Distinctness at Stake: Debating the Implementation of UCC - Asiana Times

Moreover, Shullai emphasised that the Khasis, Jaintias, and Garos, who reside in Meghalaya, possess a definite system for overseeing and regulating their very own customary and conventional legal guidelines. These legal guidelines are safeguarded by the sixth schedule of the Indian Structure. The sixth schedule holds nice significance because it upholds the precept of autonomous administrative divisions. It permits the creation of self-governing our bodies inside their respective states. Whereas the vast majority of these autonomous district councils are located in North East India, there are additionally two in Ladakh and one in West Bengal, thus extending the scope of autonomous governance past the North East area.

Along with the potential erosion of Meghalaya’s distinctive identification, the enforcement of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) would even be seen as an encroachment upon the matrilineal system practised by the tribal communities of the state.

The BJP legislator additionally highlighted the 2019 Invoice in his letter when the Central Authorities had proven empathy throughout the implementation of the Citizenship Modification Act (CAA) by exempting tribal areas of the Northeastern states. Accordingly, he advocated for the appliance of the identical precept to guard and protect the normal matrilineal customary legal guidelines of the tribal communities in Meghalaya.


India’s private legal guidelines current a singular problem to the realisation of a Uniform Civil Code. Whereas Article 44 of the Structure units the stage for a unified authorized framework, the range of spiritual practices and beliefs has hindered its implementation. Striving for uniformity requires a fragile stability between upholding particular person rights and preserving communal identities. As India strikes ahead, it’s essential to hunt options that promote inclusivity, respect range, and set up a simply authorized system that addresses the evolving wants of its residents whereas sustaining concord and unity.

In conclusion, the opposition to the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in Meghalaya stems from varied considerations raised by representatives and legislators. The distinctive character of Meghalaya, rooted in its customs, beliefs, values, and traditions, is seen as vulnerable to dilution if the UCC have been to be enforced. Moreover, the matrilineal system practised by tribal communities within the state is taken into account an important facet of their cultural heritage, which can be interfered with by the UCC. The presence of the sixth schedule within the Indian Structure, offering for autonomous administrative divisions, has been underscored as a method to guard and protect the distinct identification of Meghalaya. Moreover, references have been made to earlier exemptions granted to tribal areas throughout the implementation of the Citizenship Modification Act (CAA), suggesting the same strategy needs to be taken in upholding the normal matrilineal customary legal guidelines in Meghalaya. These arguments collectively mirror the considerations raised towards the imposition of the UCC in Meghalaya.