The Rajasthan Platform based mostly Gig Staff(Registration and Welfare) Act, 2023 is a primary of its type laws that goals to create a social safety fund and welfare board for platform staff within the state.
Who’re Gig Staff?
Broadly, the gig staff may be outlined as folks working within the gig economic system which is a contract, contractual, short-term and brief time period based mostly economic system. These staff are of two types- Platform and Non- Platform Staff. The platform staff use digital platforms for his or her work comparable to Ola, Uber, Swiggy, Zomato whereas non platform staff are informal wage laborers who work within the casual sector in conventional jobs of building, as home staff, avenue distributors, forming the a part of the casual sector.
As per NITI Aayog, the present gig workforce of the nation is 7.7 million and is predicted to develop by 200% by 2029-30, resulting in a workforce of 23.5 million folks. Whereas girls participation has elevated from 18% to 36%, youth participation has elevated eight occasions within the yr 2019-2020.
Issues confronted by Gig Staff
The core concern surrounding those that work for the gig economic system is the paradox that revolves round their categorisation. Whereas they could work with formal organisations, their placement as “companions” or “freelance labour” places them inside the ambit of casual organisation. This deprives them of recognition, safety and advantages. It offers organisations who make use of them scope for exploitation and opaqueness of their capabilities, leaving the employees overburdened, underneath paid and alienated.
Because of this, they lack social safety, alternatives for future, scope for mobility, earnings instability and authorized recognition.
Thus, one might argue that Karl Marx’s 19th century proletariats have develop into the gig staff of the 21st century.
Rajasthan Gig Staff Laws
These points confronted by the gig staff was dropped at the forefront within the state of Rajasthan by numerous civil society strain teams like MKSS, employee unions like Federation of App-based Transport Staff and political will of the Rajasthan authorities. Because of this, the Rajasthan Platform based mostly Gig Staff(Registration and Welfare) Act, 2023 Act got here into being.
This Act requires registration of all gig staff by assigning them distinctive ids, imposes 2% cess on each platform based mostly transaction which is able to go into the social safety fund for staff, offers social safety advantages comparable to accident and medical insurance, maternity, gratuity, pension, creates a grievance redressal mechanism for staff, imposes heavy penalties on non complying aggregators and employers amongst many others.
It additionally proposes creation of welfare board comprising of state officers, representatives of staff, aggregators and civil society, with at the very least one-third of the nominated members as girls.
In accordance with a survey carried out by Boston Consultancy Group, the gig economic system is predicted to create 90 tens of millions job within the non-farm sector and add as much as 1.25% to India’s GDP. Thus, it could assist bridge important gaps in earnings and employment. The success of India’s gig economic system is due to this fact an vital part in the direction of its objective of turning into a 5 trillion greenback economic system.
Whereas the success of the laws’s implementation within the state is but to be seen, the passing of the Act itself is a floor breaking second because it lays down the trail for recognition of such platform staff in different states and acts as a mannequin act for the Centre. The very existence of this Act now offers statutory recognition to those platform gig staff by giving them rights to carry their employers accountable.
A promising future for the nation lies in growth of the nation’s various inhabitants and its demographic dividend with creation of future alternatives that can facilitate mobility. Right here, Acts just like the Rajasthan’s Gig Staff Act then set precedent for extra such progressive legislations sooner or later, recognizing and respecting the function of the working class in at the moment’s society.